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Sunday, July 12, 2020 | History

2 edition of Some models of racial discrimination in the labor market. found in the catalog.

Some models of racial discrimination in the labor market.

Kenneth J. Arrow

Some models of racial discrimination in the labor market.

by Kenneth J. Arrow

  • 394 Want to read
  • 37 Currently reading

Published by Rand Corporation in U.S .
Written in English


Edition Notes

RM-6253-RC; AD 735 068.

The Physical Object
Pagination2 microfiche
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21865114M

Discrimination in the labour market: nationality, ethnicity and the recession. draws on two large-scale nationally representative surveys on the experience of labour market discrimination. We. Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market: Theory and Empirics Kevin Lang and Jee-Yeon K. Lehmann* We review theories of race discrimination in the labor market. Taste-based models can generate wage and unemployment duration differentials when combined with either random or directed search even when strong prejudice is not widespread, but.

  Racial discrimination in the labor market is typically studied by comparing the wages of whites and minorities, statistically controlling for human capital characteristics. Estimates from a variety of social surveys suggest that the black-white difference in hourly wages among men usually range between about 10 and 20 percent (Cancio, Evans Cited by: The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said plaintiffs have to show that race discrimination was a motivating factor, which is the standard of proof for similar claims under Title VII of the Civil.

2 Taste-based discrimination Becker’s book introduced the first economic model of discrimination. In this model, em-ployers hold a ‘taste for discrimination,’ meaning that there is a disamenity value to employing minority workers. Hence, minority workers may have to ‘compensate’ employers by being more. the prospects for racial equality in labor-market status—Are we moving toward equality of opportunity and access? The experiences of the many racial and ethnic groups represented in the U.S. labor market are individually unique; however, time, space, and data limitations preclude describing each group at the same level of detail.


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Some models of racial discrimination in the labor market by Kenneth J. Arrow Download PDF EPUB FB2

Although neoclassical theory can offer a coherent and plausible explanation of the impact of racial discrimination and accounts in a gross way for the known facts, some problems remain.

This Memorandum describes a simple model by which an employer can purchase black labor at a fixed price; for this labor he must choose some point on an indifference curve between wages and the.

Some Models of Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market Author: Kenneth Arrow Subject: Part of a RAND study on the measurement of racial discrimination in the economic sphere.

Created Date: 8/27/ AM. Some Models of Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market The intention of the report is to demonstrate the advantages and disadvantages of neoclassical analysis as a tool for studying racial discrimination in the economic sphere and to suggest possible areas of fruitful research.

Accession Number: ADCited by: some models of racial discrimination in the labor market kenneth j. arrow rand sama m()m(a, (a ifuofi ulis dot iimfnt has bfln approvfl) (or puhik kltlasi and sah, us disikihdiion is i'mimii ii)Cited by: iKenneth Arrow, "Models of Job Discrimination" and "Some Mathematical Models of Race in the Labor Market," in Anthony H.

Pascal, ed., Racial Discrimination in Econ omic Life (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, D. Heath and Co., ), pp. and ; and "The Theory of Discrimi-nation," in Orley Ashenfelter and Albert Rees, eds.

Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market: Theory and Empirics Kevin Lang and Jee-Yeon K. Lehmann Ma Abstract We review theories of race discrimination in the labor market.

Taste-based models can generate wage and unemployment duration dif-ferentials when combined with either random or directed search even. Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market: Theory and Empirics Kevin Lang, Jee-Yeon K.

Lehmann. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in September NBER Program(s):Labor Studies. We review theories of race discrimination in the labor market. Kenneth J. Arrow, ‘Models of Job Discrimination’ and ’Some Mathematical Models of Race Discrimination in the Labor Market’, in Anthony H.

Pascal (ed.), Racial Discrimination in Economic Life (Lexington, Mass.: D. Heath, ); also ’The Theory of Discrimination’, in Orley Ashenfelter and Albert Rees (eds), Discrimination in Author: Brian Chiplin, Peter J.

Sloane. Unlike race, the major discriminating variable for women is not schooling but, rather, years of labor-force participation, which leads to greater amounts of labor-market experience. labour market discrimination. is defined as a situation in which persons who provide labour market services and who are.

equally productive. in a physical or material sense are. treated unequally. in a way that is related to an observable characteristic such as race, ethnicity or gender.

More formally following Cain (), let. YFile Size: 2MB. While publication bias is always a concern, the results of correspondence studies where the trait of interest is race or ethnicity offer overwhelming evidence of discrimination in the labor market against racial and ethnic minorities.

Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market: Theory and Empirics Kevin Lang and Jee-Yeon K. Lehmann NBER Working Paper No.

September JEL No. J31,J64,J71 ABSTRACT We review theories of race discrimination in the labor market. Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market: Theory and Empirics Kevin Lang and Jee‑Yeon K.

Lehmann* We review theories of race discrimination in the labor market. Taste-based models can generate wage and unemployment duration differentials when combined with either random or directed search even when strong prejudice is not widespread, but.

We develop a model of taste-based discrimination in a random search environment. The model replicates patterns of black–white wage and employment gaps in the U.S.

The model is estimated using data from the U.S. manufacturing sector from to Cited by: 5. Racial Discrimination in the U.S. Labor Market: Employment and Wage Differentials by Skill * In the US labor market the average black worker is exposed to a lower employment rateand earns a lower wage compared to his white counterpart.

Lang and Lehmann () argue thatCited by: 5. discrimination in the labor market, in the access to public services such as social welfare 9 benefits, housing markets based on race, ethnic origin, religion, or beliefs, sex, disability, age or.

Racial Discrimination in the U.S. Labor Market: Employment and Wage Differentials by Skill. wage and employment gaps are smaller for high-skill this paper we show that a model of employer taste-based discrimination in a labor market characterized by search frictions and skill complementarities in production can replicate these Cited by: 5.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Arrow, Kenneth Joseph, Some models of racial discrimination in the labor market. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand, Racial discrimination continues to be pervasive in cultures throughout the world.

Researchers examined the level of racial discrimination in the United States labor market by randomly assigning identical résumés black-sounding or white-sounding names and observing the impact on.

Economics explains discrimination in the labour market Becker's ‘employer taste’ model The most prominent neoclassical explanation of discrimination is based on the work of Gary Becker and develops the idea that some workers, employers or customers do not want to work with or come into contact with members of other racial groups or with women (Becker, ).

literature on racial discrimination, providing a roadmap for scholars who wish to build on this rich and important tradition. The charge for this article was a focus on racial discrimination in employment, housing, credit markets, and consumer interactions, but many of File Size: KB.The Declining Importance of Race and Gender in the Labor Market provides historical background on employment discrimination and wage discrepancies in the United States and on government efforts to address employment discrimination.

It examines the two federal institutions tasked with enforcing Title VII and the Civil Rights Act: the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the Author: June E.

O'Neill.In neoclassical economics theory, labor market discrimination is defined as the different treatment of two equally qualified individuals on account of their gender, race, age, disability, religion, etc. Discrimination is harmful since it affects the economic outcomes of equally productive workers directly and indirectly through feedback effects.